The Acropolis of Dystos located near Krieza, southern Evia. It was built in imposing conical hill in Kastri, Lake Dystos. The etymological meaning of the word indicates the Distos unhappy, although many researchers believe that the name probably comes from a dive or precipitation occurring in the region. According to legend, the city was founded by Dryopes, ancient prehellenic sex.

The first settlement of the area began in the Neolithic Age, according to the findings that have been found on the shores of the lake. Several centuries later, it was organized settlement on the hill, where he flourished during the Classical and Hellenistic times. It has always been farming village, a short distance from the sea. The port of Dystos was the Buffalo, which was the site of the Porto Buffalo.

During the 4th century BC the Distos fortified with a strong wall, which part is preserved today. Also, the top of the hill and was protected with a second defensive wall. Finally, the most notable was a stele of that era, found in Halkida, and referred to the drainage of the lake. The column contains the text of the lake drying agreement between Chairefani 230 Eretrians citizens. Under the terms of the contract provided for the construction of sewers, sewers and manholes to drain water.

The only written reference in ancient Dystos, and probably speaks for its destruction, is the Philip Theopompus. The Theopompus says Philip, after spending Eretria started to Dystos.

The identification of ancient Dystos was from the early 19th century thanks to the preservation of the name of a small village, close to the foot of the hill. Later the village was evacuated due to malaria.





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